To ensure that all girls are provided with the skills and abilities to become responsible, empathetic women who lead enjoyable and healthy lives. The skills developed through physical activity, as well as through social and emotional learning (SEL), are crucial to this outcome. Each can have a positive impact and promote a host of physical, mental, emotional, social, academic & career benefits.
The introduction of Common Core standards prompted most schools to focus almost exclusively on academics – even in many kindergarten and pre-K classrooms. The sad fact is that most schools do not have (or make) the time to teach, model and practice critical non-academic skills that help children with communication, compassion, relationship skills, social awareness, problem-solving and decision-making. They have also reduced the number of hours of physical education and recess.
Social & Emotional Learning (SEL)
The data strongly suggest that in the early years, SEL skills are more effective than academic training for producing later academic success – meaning that young children who are taught problem-solving and decision-making skills are typically smarter than others.
Ref: CASEL: Collaborative for Academic, Social, and Emotional Learning
Benefits of SEL:
- Better academic performance: achievement scores an average of 11 percentile points higher than students who did not receive SEL instruction
- Improved attitudes and behaviors toward school: greater motivation to learn, deeper commitment to school, decreased number of classes missed, increased time devoted to schoolwork, more focused, better concentration and better classroom behavior
- Fewer negative behaviors: decreased disruptive class behavior, noncompliance, impulsive aggression, delinquent acts, and disciplinary referrals; Less likely to engage in fighting and more tolerant of frustration
- Reduced emotional distress: fewer reports of student depression, anxiety, stress, loneliness and withdrawal
- Increased quality of life: Better with relationships, are less likely to engage in risky and/or antisocial behavior, more likely to lead happy and productive lives
Ref: Durlak, Weissberg et al, Collaborative for Academic, Social and Emotional Learning, 2008
Benefits of Physical Activity
- Stimulates brain development and growth of nerve cells & connections
- Improves academic achievement & behavior (higher grades & test scores)
- Increases focus, impulse control, memory & creativity
- Reduces symptoms of anxiety, stress and depression by 25% to 50%
- Builds greater confidence, self-worth, satisfaction with body image & feelings of social acceptance
- Strengthens peer relationships & bonds with parents
- Enhances communication, teamwork, leadership & problem-solving skills
- Decreases the risk of many diseases including Cancer, Heart Disease, Stroke, Alzheimer’s
Ref: Collaborative for Academic, Social & Emotional Learning, 2008, Markham and Greenough, 2004; Pearson-Fuhrhop et al., 2009, Aspen Institute, Project Pay
The Perfect Combination
As you can see, there is a significant overlap in the benefits of physical activity and SEL, which makes for an incredibly valuable pairing. However, our schools are failing in these areas. GAALS believes it’s vital that we help develop our children as a whole – physically, emotionally, mentally and socially – which will give them an advantage in every area of life.
If our schools aren’t developing children as a whole, it means children need to be building these skills outside of school. However, that’s not happening either. That’s why GAALS & PAALS programming is so important.